On April 7, 2016, 11 ministries and commissions of China including CFDA, AQSIQ, MOA, GAC, etc. co-released the “Positive List for Commodities Traded through Cross-Border E-Commerce (CBEC)”, which indicates that the commodities not included in the positive list are not allowed to be imported to China through CBEC. This new policy was formally implemented from April 8, 2016 together with the new import taxation policy on CBEC traded commodities.
This Positive List includes 1,142 types of commodities, which partly or completely prohibits the import of dairy products, infant formula, health food, foods for special medical purpose (FSMPs), fresh foods, etc. to China through CBEC, and will also influence greatly overseas businesses of different food sectors operating within this space.
Download the file.
- Positive List on Cross-Border E-Commerce of Imported Commodities (1)
- Positive List on Cross-Border E-Commerce of Imported Commodities (2)
Positive List impact on certain products
We summarise below the Positive List’s treatment of certain key categories.
- Health food are Excluded. All health food are out of the positive list.
- In China, health food (dietary supplements) should be registered or filed under CFDA.
Common prepackaged food (except those listed below)
- Most categories of common prepackaged foods are included in the positive list, such as chocolate, candy, pastry and bread, honey, and common beverages.
Most milk products have been included in this list but:
- Fluid milk and cream under HS Codes 04011000, 04012000, 04014000, 04015000, 04021000, 04022100 and 04022900 are included.
- Formula is allowed, provided that registration formalities as required under the Food Safety Law have been conducted. According to further explanation by PRC Customs last week, the registration of infant formula milk products will be required from 1 January 2018. Until then, formula products can be sold through cross-border ecommerce without such registration.
Wine grape juices under HS Codes 20096100 and 20096900 and wine in small packages under HS Code 22042100 are included in the Positive List.
The following cereal is allowed to be imported. The cereal under HS Codes 10061099, 11010000, 11031100, 11022000 and 11042300 is allowed to be imported under Model 1 only.
- Rice under HS Codes 10061099, 10062010, 10063010, 10063090 (subject to an accumulated annual amount of 20 kilograms under these HS Codes)
- Rice powder under HS Code 11029019 (subject to an annual amount of 20 kilograms under this HS Code);
- Wheat under HS Codes 11010000, 11031100 (subject to an accumulated annual amount of 20 kilograms under these HS Codes);
- Corn under HS Codes 11022000, 11042300 (subject to an accumulated annual amount of 20 kilograms under these HS Codes);
- Other cereal powder under HS Code 11029090.
Please note that the cereal is subject to the import quota of the PRC Customs.
What happens to products not on the Positive List?
Although this is the key issue – the answer is unfortunately not clear from the regulations.
Legally the Positive List is an attachment to the E-commerce Tax Circular and therefore the list is not a “Yes-or-No” list of products that can be sold by means of cross-border e-commerce. Rather the Positive List should be interpreted, at least literally, as a list which determines whether or not a product will enjoy the preferential tax policies granted to cross-border e-commerce.
This legalistic view does not conform with the views apparently held by the authorities at this stage. Various government authorities indicate that on the whole they consider the Positive List, to a great extent, to be something of a Yes-or-No list for products permitted for cross-border e-commerce. Many officials have also suggested they are unsure as to how the new policies are to be implemented and are awaiting further instructions from the central authorities.
In short, it is likely that products not found on the Positive List will be restricted from sale via cross-border e-commerce platforms that are connected with the PRC customs supervision system. In practice, it is much less likely that products posted directly from overseas to individuals will be affected. The Positive List has caused much chaos in a short time, particularly for those products that have already been shipped to PRC bonded warehouses, but are not on the list. We have noticed PRC Customs are circulating internal instructions to instruct how these goods will be handled and we anticipate further guidance will be issued to bring greater clarity.
Implications for international businesses
The E-commerce Tax Circular, its attached Positive List, and recent actions by the Chinese authorities indicate that the PRC authorities intend to both tax cross-border e-commerce more heavily and to block products that are commonly regulated under PRC law from essentially getting a free ride and avoiding PRC scrutiny merely by being sold via bonded zones.
The likely impact of the E-commerce Tax Circular and the Positive List will be that the prices of some products will likely increase (but this is unlikely to have a major impact upon Chinese consumers as trust and availability tend to be greater motivators); although some products will likely face much greater issues in respect of accessing cross-border e-commerce as a model. It will be important to observe both from a government legislation perspective and also a local practice perspective how the regulations will be enforced.